Plantation system, hybrid trees are increasing production and stabilizing costs.
David Savastano, Editor12.04.14
Gum rosin has been one of the most volatile ingredients for inks, adhesives, paper and rubber industries. Prices rose more than 300% a few years back, reaching $2400 per ton, which has a dramatic impact on offset ink costs.
The ink industry uses approximately 30% of the rosin resin that is produced globally. Adhesives use 40%, and the paper and rubber industries use approximately 10% each.
According to the Pine Chemicals Association (PCA), in terms of global rosin production, 70% is gum rosin, and 30% is tall oil. Gum rosin is distilled from resin that is tapped from trees. In the 1930s and 1940s, the U.S. was the largest producer of gum rosin, but China and the Asia-Pacific region as well as Latin America are now the largest gum rosin producers due to their lower labor costs. There is no gum rosin being produced in the U.S.
Tall oil is the liquid by-product from trees that are chipped and pulped. U.S. manufacturers, led by Arizona Chemical, fractionate 800,0
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