Paints and printing inks are high volume commodities in the global marketplace. With the move toward water-based formulations (estimated to represent some 50 percent of liquid products overall) and other non-solvent-borne products such as powder coatings, a high percentage of these goods is now regulated as Class 9 due to environmental hazards.
This classification creates many issues related to documentation and marking, such as a lack of clear information on the exact nature of the dangerous goods — which can hinder the task of emergency responders and cause consignments to be delayed or stopped pending clarification – as well as practical difficulties in appending long, and often incomprehensible, technical names to the proper shipping name. IPPIC has been working to identify solutions that would mitigate these problems and make the regulatory requirements more commensurate with the hazard.
To ensure consistency between national regulatory systems governing every mode for the transport of dangerous goods, the United Nations established appropriate harmonization mechanisms, which occur biennially during the meeting of the UNSCETDG. Every four meetings (every two years), the Subcommittee compiles meeting proceedings into an updated version of the UN Model Regulations – recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods. The model regulations are used by many countries as a basis for the country’s TDG regulations. ACA, through its Transport Committee and IPPIC, is proactively engaged in efforts to harmonize the model regulations to ensure efficiency and cost-effectiveness for cross-border and multi-modal shipments of paint and allied products.
At the recent UNSCETDG meeting, IPPIC introduced proposals to provide certainty concerning the ability to use generic names as technical names. The Subcommittee agreed to text identifying names within the Model Regulations, which are considered to provide clear and valuable information to transport handlers and emergency responders, and to permit their use as technical names.
The amendment will appear in the 21st revised edition of the Model Regulations, which will be published in 2019. Although it will take time to be adopted in the U.S. Hazardous Material Regulations, this amendment will be beneficial to the industry as well as make the nature of dangerous goods clearer for emergency responders.