"In a challenging global economic environment, Evonik's business performance in the second quarter was weaker than expected. While volumes increased slightly, earnings were lower, mainly due to declining prices," said Klaus Engel, chairman of the Executive Board of Evonik Industries AG, when the company published its key financial data on the first half and second quarter of 2013.
"We are sticking to our growth plans despite the present development. In the short term, growth will be supported by increased cost discipline and continued systematic implementation of the On Track 2.0 efficiency program," Engel added.
Looking ahead to the second half of the year, the company assumes that prices will stabilize at the present level, while sales volumes should be slightly higher than in the prior-year period. Overall, Evonik expects sales in 2013 to be around the same level as in 2012 at about €13 billion, and to report adjusted EBITDA of around €2.0 billion (2012: €2.4 billion).
In the first half of 2013 there was an organic decline of 3% in Group sales due to lower selling prices (-4%), while volumes increased slightly (+1%). Overall, Group sales decreased 5% to €6,526 million (H1 2012: €6,835 million) due to the divestment of two small businesses in 2012.
In the first half of 2013 the operating results were below the very high prior-year figures, principally as a result of lower selling prices for some key products and the scheduled shutdown of integrated production facilities in the Specialty Materials segment for maintenance work. Overall, adjusted EBITDA declined by 16% to €1,079 million (H1 2012: €1,289 million) and adjusted EBIT fell 21% to €787 million (H1 2012: €995 million). The adjusted EBITDA margin slipped from 18.9% to 16.5%.
The adjustments of minus €93 million in the first half of 2013 mainly comprised income, expenses and impairment losses in connection with the shutdown of production plants in the Resource Efficiency and Specialty Materials segments, and expenses relating to the divestment of former non-core operations. Other adjustments comprised expenses in connection with the recognition of the put and call options for the remaining shares in STEAG GmbH. The prior-year figure mainly comprised impairment losses on production plants in the Resource Efficiency segment due to tougher competition in the photovoltaics industry, and expenses in connection with recognition of the STEAG options.
Net income was €481 million in the first half of 2013, 10% below the very good figure for the prior-year period (€533 million). Earnings per share declined to €1.03 (H1 2012: €1.14).
Evonik is currently investing in major projects such as the construction of production facilities for methionine on Jurong Island in Singapore, for isophorone and isophorone diamine in Shanghai (China), and for hydrogen peroxide in Jilin (China). In Brazil and Russia, groundbreaking ceremonies have been held for two plants for biotechnological production of the amino acid L-lysine for animal nutrition. These plants are scheduled to come into service in 2014 and 2015. At its site in Marl (Germany), the company recently started operation of a production plant for the new phthalate-free plasticizer ELATUR CH.
Net financial debt was €1,230 million at end-June 2013, an increase of €67 million compared with year-end 2012. This was attributable to two counter-effects: firstly, a considerable decline due to the reclassification of the Real Estate segment to discontinued operations at the end of March 2013, and secondly the payment of the dividend of €429 million for 2012.
In the second quarter of 2013, the Evonik Group's sales declined by 5% to €3,263 million (Q2 2012: €3,428 million). This was mainly attributable to an organic sales decrease of 3% due to lower selling prices, while volumes increased.
In Q2 2013, the operating results were below the previous year's high levels, mainly as a result of lower selling prices for some key products, especially butadiene and amino acids for animal nutrition, and a scheduled major maintenance shutdown at production facilities in the Specialty Materials segment. Overall, adjusted EBITDA fell by 23% to €489 million (Q2 2012: €632 million), while adjusted EBIT dropped 30% to €342 million (Q2 2012: €486 million). The adjusted EBITDA margin slipped from 18.4% to 15.0%. Net income decreased 28% to €191 million (Q2 2012: €264 million).
Evonik has made considerable progress with its focus on specialty chemicals, and has successfully divested the activities bundled in its Real Estate segment. Having combined the management of the residential real estate of Vivawest GmbH and THS GmbH effective January 1, 2012, Vivawest and THS have now been combined with a stable new ownership structure. Following completion of all transactions at the start of July 2013, RAG-Stiftung now holds 30.0% of Vivawest, IG BCE 26.8%, Evonik Pensionstreuhand e.V. 25.0%, and RAG Aktiengesellschaft 7.3%. Evonik plans to divest its remaining 10.9% stake to long-term investors in the intermediate term.
Performance of the segments in H1 2013
The Consumer, Health & Nutrition segment produces specialty chemicals, principally for applications in the consumer goods, animal nutrition and health-care sectors. It comprises the Consumer Specialties and Health & Nutrition Business Units.
In the first six months of 2013 sales were €2,093 million, in line with the first half of 2012 (€2,086 million). The overall decline in selling prices was offset by volume growth. Business with amino acids for animal nutrition was held back, among other things, by the effects of avian flu in China, but there was a slight recovery at the end of the reporting period. Particularly pleasing business trends were registered for superabsorbents, which benefited from high demand, and personal care products.
In the first half of 2013 the operating results fell short of the previous year's high levels, mainly for price reasons and due to higher raw material costs. Adjusted EBITDA decreased 9% to €496 million (H1 2012: €546 million) while adjusted EBIT declined 12% to €428 million (H1 2012: €484 million). The adjusted EBITDA margin was very good at 23.7% (H1 2012: 26.2%).
The Resource Efficiency segment provides environment-friendly and energy-efficient system solutions. This segment comprises the Inorganic Materials and Coatings & Additives Business Units.
Sales decreased 5% to €1,572 million in the first half of 2013 (H1 2012: €1,651 million). This was due to a slight drop in the organic sales trend, negative currency effects and the divestment of the colorants business at the end of April 2012. The operating performance was stable and the operating results increased as fixed costs were reduced by the shutdown of one production plant and the divestment of another in the fourth quarter of 2012. Adjusted EBITDA increased 1% to €346 million (H1 2012: €344 million), while adjusted EBIT grew 7% to €289 million (H1 2012: €270 million). The adjusted EBITDA margin rose from 20.8% to 22.0%.
The heart of the Specialty Materials segment is the production of polymer materials and intermediates, mainly for the rubber and plastics industries. It comprises the Performance Polymers and Advanced Intermediates Business Units.
This segment's sales were 8% lower at €2,299 million in the first six months of 2013 (H1 2012: €2,503 million). Alongside withdrawal from the cyanuric chloride business in China, the organic sales drop mainly resulted from considerably lower selling prices, especially for butadiene. The operating results fell short of the good results reported for the prior-year period due to lower selling prices and the scheduled major maintenance work at integrated production plants. Adjusted EBITDA decreased by 32% to €310 million (H1 2012: €457 million) while adjusted EBIT fell 39% to €234 million (H1 2012: €381 million). The adjusted EBITDA margin dropped from 18.3% to 13.5%.
The Services segment principally comprises Site Services and Evonik Business Services. It mainly provides services for the chemicals segments and the Corporate Center, but also serves third parties.
Total sales were €1,282 million in the first half of 2013. Internal sales accounted for €831 million of the total. External sales declined by 10% to €451 million, mainly because a customer shut down a production facility at the Marl site. The increase in the operating results was mainly driven by improved cost structures at Site Services. Adjusted EBITDA increased 5% to €107 million, while adjusted EBIT grew 3% to €61 million.
Good progress is being made with the efficiency enhancement program On Track 2.0. In the first half of 2013 Evonik achieved further savings of a good €50 million. Together with the cost reductions made in 2012, just 18 months after the launch of this program the company has already leveraged nearly €200 million of the planned annual savings of €500 million.
Evonik now expects the improvement in the global economy predicted for the second half of the year to be less pronounced than had been assumed at the start of the year, principally because of the sovereign debt crisis and its impact on Europe, and far lower economic growth in China. Accordingly, the company now assumes that the global economic conditions for 2013 as a whole will be worse than previously forecast. Since the first half was weaker than expected and economic growth forecasts for the second half of the year have been reduced, Evonik is altering its outlook for the full year.
Evonik anticipates a slight year-on-year improvement in volumes in the second half of 2013 and assumes that selling prices will stabilize at the present level. Overall the Group now expects sales in 2013 to be around the same level as in the previous year at around €13 billion, and the operating results to be below the very good 2012 levels. Evonik assumes that adjusted EBITDA will be around €2.0 billion (2012: €2.4 billion).